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Big drop in fertility rates
After a couple of decades with a steady average fertility rate of about 2.5 children for women of childbearing age (15-49 years), the rate has now dropped significantly, reports Statistics Faroe Islands
The fertility rate dropped to 2.4 in 2019, went further down to 2.3 in 2020 and 2021, and last year it dipped all the way down to 2.05.
This is below the 2.1 threshold, which is regarded as the minimum fertility rate required to maintain a steady population.
If the total fertility rate is below 2.1, a generation of women of childbearing age becomes unable to replace itself, leading to a population decline.
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Unless the rate increases, the only way to prevent population decline is by increasing the number of women of childbearing age through immigration.
“When we experience such a sharp decline in fertility rates in such a short period, it is crucial that we look at the societal changes that have brought about this sudden change. Things like these do not happen by chance,” says Hans Pauli Strøm, a political scientist at Statistics Faroe Islands.
Despite this downward trend, the Faroese fertility rate remains the highest in Europe, as can be seen in the graph below.
For more details, including graphs, visit the Statistics Faroe Islands website.
Read the Faroese version of this article here https://kvf.fo/greinar/2023/05/11/minkandi-burdartal-kann-faa-alvarsliga... . More Faroese News in English. http://kvf.fo/forsida/english